Through targeted use of music, therapeutic effects are achieved in music therapy. Even playing music together or singing can be very exhilarating.Music Therapy.
Music is omnipresent: be it on the radio, television, in concert or through the background noise in the department store. Its positive effect on the human psyche is harnessed by music therapy.
Music As An Aid In Therapy
Music therapy serves to restore, maintain and promote mental, physical and mental health.
The German Music Therapeutic Society sees music therapy as a practice-oriented science discipline that interacts closely with medicine, social sciences, psychology, musicology and education.
By its very nature, it is characterized as psychotherapeutic and delimited from pharmacological and physical therapy.
Historically, the music with its magical-mystical effect was already integrated into healing rituals in ancient times. In the Middle Ages, the music served to restore mental and emotional harmony.
Active Music Therapy
Music therapy works with musical elements such as sounds, sounds and rhythms, with various easy-to-play instruments such as drums or guitars.
In active music therapy, the freely improvised musical play makes the moods and feelings of the performers audible. In many areas, therapy is non-verbal and is especially useful for people who are unable to verbalize their feelings and problems.
With the help of the music, the patient learns something about himself and, together with the therapist, can break new ground to better coping with the disease.
In addition, the motor skills are stimulated. The easy-to-play instruments do not require any prior musical and instrumental knowledge.
The music therapy is aimed, among other things at people who suffer from behavioral problems, concentration, communication or learning disorders.
The music therapy is carried out as a single or group therapy. In group therapy, the goal is to establish contact between the individual persons and to break down inhibitions and blockades by playing music together.
The music therapy is gladly used for psyhosomatic complaints, psychological crises and burn-out.
Receptive Music Therapy
In contrast to the active form of playing the patient, music is passively recorded in receptive music therapy. This can be played by the therapist or played by a technical device.
In the passive method, the patient should learn to perceive the environment more consciously via the ear. The ear is also sensitized to everyday sounds again.
Important areas of application are in internal medicine, when working with premature babies and with comatose patients.
In recent studies, the music therapy was used positively in tinnitus patients, who perceived in the majority in the majority of less or no whistling and beeping noises. However, long-term studies are still pending to prove the effects scientifically.
Music therapy is not yet part of the standard benefits of health insurance.
Music therapy in Germany has been a high school discipline for over 30 years and there are numerous training and further education opportunities. Music therapists practice their profession in health and social work, education and counseling.
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